'For I was tired of England Sir':
Pytchley's nineteenth century pauper emigrants

Dr Gary Howell

15th October 2016

Conference Suite, Main Hall at St Andrew's Hospital, Billing Road, Northampton

This lecture uses a rich collection of evidence concerning the nineteenth-century emigrations carried out in the second third of the nineteenth-century from Pytchley, Northamptonshire to explore assisted emigration from rural England. Pytchley's emigrations are compared with emigration carried out under the New Poor Law, including the extensive Norfolk emigration of over 3000 emigrants in 1836. At a time of serious anxiety about the pressures of population, rural ratepayers sought relief from high poor rates by paying for their poor to leave. This paper explores the complex motives of those who paid for emigration and the characteristics of those who accepted relief, casting light on nineteenth-century social relations and a social policy which in different forms was carried out throughout the nineteenth-century.

Gary Howells is Assistant Headmaster at the London Oratory School. He studied Modern History at Christ Church Oxford and after a year in Africa was appointed to a Research Studentship at Nene College, Northampton researching nineteenth century emigration. In 1996 he was the first postgraduate from Nene to be successfully examined for a PhD from Leicester University in the humanities for his thesis on emigration and the New Poor Law. In 1996 he qualified as a history teacher and has taught in three London schools since 1997. He has published three articles on this subject in the academic journals Social History, Rural History and History. He has published extensively on teaching methods in Teaching History.

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